Xigua (pronounced “she gwah”) is the Chinese name for watermelon. Watermelon is technically a fruit, not a melon. It is closely related to squash, cantaloupe, pumpkin, and cucumbers. China is the world’s largest producer of watermelon. It is also grown in Russia, Iran, Turkey, and the U.S. There are over 1200 varieties of watermelon, including seedless.
Watermelon is usually eaten as a fruit by itself. It can also be incorporated into fruit salads, juices, or sorbets. Watermelon can be cut up ahead of time with no losses of antioxidants.
Common watermelon has a hard green outer rind and a sweet pinkish-red interior. Both the rind, the seeds, and the soft crisp interior are edible. Watermelon is mostly water (92%) and sugar (6%). It contains other nutrients however which are beneficial to health, including vitamins and antioxidants.